I am a comparative and international political economist with primary research interests in global antitrust laws (competition laws), with a special focus on developing and transition countries. I also undertake research on the topics of foreign currency reserves, foreign investments, and trade disputes at the World Trade Organization (WTO). Additionally, I have a research and scholarly interest in the politics, economics, and culture of the Indian sub-continent and transition countries in Central and Eastern Europe (particularly, Romania).

My textbook, “The Contemporary Global Economy: A Multidisciplinary Approach,” was published by Kendall Hunt Publishing Company in early 2023. The textbook website is as follows:


Google Scholar Page:

ResearchGate Profile:


Parakkal, Raju (2023), The Contemporary Global Economy: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Print ISBN: 9781792466090. Publisher: Kendall Hunt. Book Website:

Parakkal, Raju (2022), “Antitrust Legislative Action Against Big Tech: Lessons from Arlen Specter’s Antitrust Campaign Against American Sports Leagues.” Arlen Specter Center Research Fellowship Paper #8.

Parakkal, Raju, Joseph Johnson, and Sherry Bartz-Marvez (2022), “The Drivers of Successful Regional Expansion: Evidence from Multinational Corporations in Latin America During 1990–2005.” Transnational Corporations Review (forthcoming). Advance E-Print:

Parakkal, Raju (2021), “Foreign Investments in Emerging Economies: Do Competition Laws Help or Hinder?” NLS Business Law Review (forthcoming). Advance Article link:

Parakkal, Raju (2020), “Economic Reforms in Developing and Transition Countries: An Analysis of Post-1990 India and Romania.” In Edu Tudor, Georgiana L. Schifor, Diane P. C. Vancea, and Rodica Milena Zaharia (Eds.), Enterprise in the Global Economy: Challenges of the Current Global Environment, pp. 193-198. Bologna, Italy: Filodiritto Editore. Link:

Parakkal, Raju (2020), “Antitrust in the Digital Era: Rethinking Dominance and its Abuse.” In Udai S. Mehta and Ujjwal Kumar (Eds.) Competition and Regulation in India, 2019, pp. 28-56. Jaipur, India: CUTS. Link:

Parakkal, Raju (2019), “Survival of the Fastest: Using Sequential Pattern Analysis to Measure Efficiency of Complex Organizational Processes.” 2019 International Conference on Data Mining Workshops, Vol. 1, pp. 830-837. (Co-authored with Joseph Johnson, Sherry Bartz, Gang Ren, and Mitsunori Ogihara). Link:

Parakkal, Raju (2019), “Economic Returns from Social and Political Globalization: Does Signaling Help Developing and Transition Countries to Attract Foreign Direct Investment?” ACTA VŠFS Economic Studies and Analyses, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 8-28. Link:

Laine, Evan E. and Raju Parakkal (2017), “National Security, Personal Insecurity, and Political Conspiracies: The Persistence of Americans’ Beliefs in 9/11 Conspiracy Theories.” The IUP Journal of International Relations, Vol. XI, No. 3, pp. 16-41.

Parakkal, Raju and Evan E. Laine (2016), Symposium Guest-Editors’ Introduction. “Capitalism, Antitrust, and Democracy: Perfect Partners or Strange Bedfellows?” The Antitrust Bulletin Vol. 61, No. 2/June 2016, pp. 231-235. Link:

Parakkal, Raju (2016), “Ordoliberalism in European Competition Policy: The Logic of Democratic Capitalism in Talbot’s Essay.” The Antitrust Bulletin Vol. 61, No. 2/June 2016, pp. 290-292. Link:

Parakkal, Raju (2016), “Developing Countries, Political Clientilism, and Weymouth’s ‘Tug of War’ Model of Antitrust Reform.” The Antitrust Bulletin Vol. 61, No. 2/June 2016, pp. 317-319. Link:

Parakkal, Raju and Sherry Bartz-Marvez (2013), “Capitalism, Democratic Capitalism, and the Pursuit of Antitrust Laws.” The Antitrust Bulletin Vol. 58, No. 4/Winter 2013, pp. 693-729. Link:

Parakkal, Raju (2012), Guest Editor, “Symposium: Trusting Antitrust: Tracing the Global Embrace of Antitrust Laws.” The Antitrust Bulletin Part I: Vol. 57, No. 2/Summer 2012, pp. 195-366 and Part II: Vol. 57, No. 3/Fall 2012, pp. 409-589. Link:

Parakkal, Raju (2011), “Political Characteristics and Competition Law Enactment: A Cross-Country Empirical Analysis.” The Antitrust Bulletin Vol. 56, No. 3/Fall 2011, pp. 609-629. Link:


Textbook (Single Author): “The Contemporary Global Economy: A Multidisciplinary Approach” (Under contract with Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company)

“Dispute Settlement at the World Trade Organization” (Under Review)

Book Project (Single Author): “The Globalization of Antitrust Laws” (Work-in-Progress)

“The Political Economy of International Currency Reserves.” (Completed Paper)